In this fifth part of our rebuttal, Secure Arkansas is continuing to make a strong argument that the Arkansas Department of Health (ADH) is misleading our legislators and the general public. We want our lawmakers to plainly comprehend the fluoridation debacle. Secure Arkansas is simply saying to the ADH: ”No, you’re wrong, and this is why” – stating our argument and providing evidence.
We must continue calling for a moratorium on water fluoridation until this deceptive mandate is dealt with by Governor Hutchinson.
Remember, water fluoridation is mass medication without a prescription. Who is regulating the dosage that each person consumes? Remember fluoride is in all fruit juice, soft drinks, teas, etc. Click here to see the amount of fluoride in foods.
Recent recipient of the Nobel Prize for Medicine (2000), Dr. Arvid Carlsson, stated:
“I am quite convinced that water fluoridation, in a not-too-distant future, will be consigned to medical history… Water fluoridation goes against leading principles of pharmacotherapy, which is progressing from a stereotyped medication – of the type 1 tablet 3 times a day – to a much more individualized therapy as regards both dosage and selection of drugs. The addition of drugs to the drinking water means exactly the opposite of an individualized therapy.”
Continuing the way we’ve been doing it in our past alerts on this topic (for those who may not be aware), text shown in black font below is the transcription of statements made by each speaker during the Joint Health Committee meeting on October 5, 2015 regarding water fluoridation in Arkansas, and text shown in red font shows Secure Arkansas’ written comments about each speaker’s statements after the fact. The blue text comments are from Sandra Young, MD, Secure Arkansas’ Physician Advisor.
_ _ _ _ _
ADH Lin Bollen DDS: I can’t answer the question as to when it started in Arkansas. Being a second-generation dentist, I know that in Jacksonville, where I grew up, my dad had a practice. Fluoride started in the early 60’s. As you know, there’s an Air Force base there. Prior to that time, children and adults would come in, and they’d have a lot of decay. Many years after they started putting the fluoride in the system, those decay rates went down. As a practicing dentist in my own practice, when children would (inaudible) and they lived outside the service area (inaudible) water system, I noticed a instance of decay among those patients. Fluoride has just been a very good preventative measure for oral health. [Little Rock first started water fluoridation on March 22,1951, yet there is still a major tooth decay problem. See Final Narrative Report State Oral Health Collaborative Systems, a study done with children from Little Rock.]
Sen. John Cooper (from Jonesboro): One point that we might notice in that… there’s… in reading some of these documents, there a proximity value as well between communities: those that have it and those that don’t. Those people that travel outside the community and drink water outside those communities… so they are not exposed to any, but they’re exposed to less. Would you say that’s true?
ADH Lin Bollen DDS: Are you discussing what’s known as a halo effect?
Sen.Cooper: Yeah, I think that’s what you call it.
ADH Lin Bollen DDS: Well, the halo… When fluoridation started seventy years ago, early on, they were showing remarkable decreases in the incidence of decay, as much as 60%. Now, as Dr. Smith pointed out, we are seeing 25 to 30%, but part of that is because of the halo effect, and we also have fluoride available in toothpaste which now you’d be hard-pressed to go into a store to buy over-the-counter toothpaste without checking the label and finding that it doesn’t have fluoride. You have to look for it. Whereas when most of us, when we were kids, you didn’t have fluoride in toothpaste, you got fluoride when you went to the dentist or you were able to get fluoride through the water system.
Sen. Cooper: Thank you, Mr. Chair.
(42:20) House Chair Kelley Linck: Yes sir, okay, by negotiated agreement, Senator Stubblefield has a question.
Sen. Gary Stubblefield: Thank you, Mr. Chairman, Dr. Smith. First of all, Mr. Bollen, let me ask you a question. What part does genetics play as far as tooth decay?
ADH Lin Bollen DDS: I couldn’t answer to what part genetics play as much as home education… If you, sir, do not take care of your teeth and don’t value it, it’s high probability you’re not going to stress that to your own children, and it’s going to go to a trickle down effect. In my case, my father lost numerous teeth, as he grew up on the farm where oral health was not emphasized. Then when he became a young man and went to dental school, he did not want his own family to go through the loss of tooth structure that he did. Therefore, in my house, there was no soda pop, there was no candy… it was like Halloween was a sacred (day?) for us because we couldn’t go and have candy, and when we had a meal, it didn’t matter when it was, we brushed our teeth. We took care of our teeth because he understood and valued that, so the value passed on from generation to generation. As far as the genetics of stronger teeth, there may be an answer to that, but that’s out of my realm. [Anecdotal evidence is NOT a systematic scientific evaluation which would include research conducted under controlled conditions. Why is the ADH telling personal stories that have no basis of scientific fact?]
[Studies have shown a relationship between dietary patterns and caries, most pronounced in low income families where diets were high in sugars and fats and low in fruits and vegetables. The conclusion was that interventions such as fluoridation to promote oral health were unlikely to be successful without improvements in the social and physical environment. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
Sen. Stubblefield: But the loss of your father’s teeth could not be contributed SOLELY to the lack of fluoride because he didn’t have anything but naturally-occurring fluoride. That was because of just poor…[Again, Dr. Bollen’s anecdotal story is just that: a story, not scientific fact!]
ADH Lin Bollen DDS: It was because of several things. There was no fluoride in the water at the time; there was a lack of, as Dr. Smith pointed out, (inaudible). So the information about proper health care wasn’t getting disseminated.
Sen. Stubblefield: Dr. Smith, when… Are all the systems in Arkansas up and running as far as fluoride… adding fluoride?
ADH Dr. Smith: Not yet. We’ve got… of the systems that were required to fluoridate under Act 197, 2011, 70% of them are currently fluoridating. The other 30% are in progress.
Sen. Stubblefield: If we took out the last 6 months, and we went back 6 months, what percentage of those would be fluoridated? … of that 70%?
ADH Dr. Smith: Think we’re close to three-fourths now and probably six months ago, we might have been more in the 65%, I’m guessing, but…
Sen. Stubblefield: ‘Cause most of the water systems in my district didn’t even start ‘til July.
ADH Jeff Stone Engineer: We’ve had several this summer join. We had several before that, also. [He says this so nonchalantly! Water plants do not just simply “join” fluoridation; most are forced! Many operators are still fighting this insidious battle! Also, many operators do not want to handle the dangerous raw toxic product, let alone put it in their drinking water. Jeff Stone Engineer from the ADH pays them a little visit and tells them they will be in violation (fined) if they do not fluoridate. My, what intimidation tactics. “Oh, and by the way, sign the 10 year contract with Delta Dental! After all, they will help you with a grant for the start up costs.”
At the ADH Administrative Hearing November 2nd, 2015, (Ebb) Weldon Johnson from Texarkana, a representative for Delta Dental, appeared there and actually insisted that Madison County sign the cloak-and-dagger Delta Dental contract! He stated they have lots of money to give away! Yes, Secure Arkansas believes they do… but with strings attached! (More information from one of our Secure Arkansas articles here. This Part 1 exposes Delta Dental, and Part 2 about Delta Dental is coming soon.
Water Plants/Districts: You cannot be forced to sign a contract with which you do not agree, due to threats by any individual, group or government agency! For a contract to be legally binding or valid, an agreement must be formed between two parties. Any contract that lacks an agreement between the two parties is NOT VALID. We sincerely thank all those water plants that have held true to provide clean water to their customers and have not caved in to fluoridate and sign the dastardly 10-year contract with Delta Dental.]
Sen. Stubblefield: So I was just curious how we came up with all these studies and these figures when most of these systems weren’t even put in place? [Thank you, Senator Stubblefield, for this question! Please be sure to read Secure Arkansas’ previous article on falsified reports by Lynn Mouden, DDS and the other misleading Pew report. These two reports mentioned in our article are what many of the legislators based the fluoride mandate on, so, in other words, from these two erroneous reports, Arkansas policy was made and the fluoridation mandate, ACT197, was born in 2011!]
ADH Dr. Nate Smith: Now, remember before Act 197 of 2011, 62% of Arkansans on public water had fluoridated water, and, of course, we’ve had the experience from outside of Arkansas as well, so… the majority of Arkansans that were drinking public water had been drinking fluoridated water since even before Act 197, but we’ve come from well below the national average to maybe even a little bit above the national average by requiring that systems serving 5,000 or more adjust the fluoride level to the recommended 0.7 parts per million.
House Chair Kelley Linck (from Yellville): We negotiated to one, and it’s like five! Either I am a lousy negotiator, or you are, one, senator!
Alright, one more question. [Rep. Linck (speaking directly to Sen. Stubblefield) obviously wanted Senator Stubblefield to back off his questioning!
Attention Marion County Residents: You should contact Rep. Kelley Linck (870-404-2741) and his email address is email@example.com immediately because he is not lifting a finger to help stop water fluoridation in your area! Do it or sit there and be poisoned! After all, fluoride is listed as a neurotoxin! Remember, Rep. Linck is the Chair for the House Public Health Committee, so he will help dictate policy and what is passed into law regarding YOUR health! Listening to him talk as he helped conduct the October 5th, 2015 Joint Public Health Committee, he sounds like he is pro-fluoride. According to a recent publication from the Mountaineer Echo, the water plant, Marion County Regional Water District, has already signed a 10-year contract with Delta Dental for construction of the start-up equipment needed to feed the poison into your drinking water there in Marion County. Please start calling or emailing your friends and family about contacting Rep. Linck.]
Sen. Gary Stubblefield: To the best of our knowledge, Dr. Smith, has there been an increase of any known autism, Alzheimer’s, anything since we began fluoridating?
ADH Dr. Nate Smith: That’s a very easy question in this case, the answer, “no,” and we have so many data points, so many years, decades of experience. If there was an association between fluoride and these adverse medical conditions that are being played, we would have detected it long ago, and they are many issues, but I’d have to say, we don’t have all the data… Remember when I came and spoke to you about Ebola? There were a lot of unknowns at that time. With this one, we have tremendous experience…. over decades…. That’s an epidemiologist’s Disneyland because any kind of associations, we can pick up with the number of data points that we’re talking about. [If you’re not looking for harm, you will not find it! With all the new water systems starting fluoridation in Arkansas, this would be an ideal time to conduct the health studies that have never been performed. Why aren’t they being conducted? See 2006 NRC report review for areas of known health effects and also details of much-needed research that has never been done.]
[Phyllis Mullenix, PhD did a study published in 1995 titled Neurotoxicity of Sodium Fluoride in Rats. This showed that fluoride did indeed cause sex- and dose-specific behavioral deficits. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
Sen. Gary Stubblefield: Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
House Chair Kelley Linck: Senator Irvin…
Sen. Missy Irvin (from Mtn. View): Just a quick question: Um, there is the ability… This is something you can go back to the poor folks that are… but the prescription of you being able to have fluoride drops or fluoride tablets and then also fluoridated water can be purchased… correct? Because I have some that are in some water systems that are under the threshold and they want to know what they can do since their public water doesn’t have it. Sp. I mean, there’s two sides of this, so, um, there is the ability to still buy (quote quote) nursery water, is what it is labeled in Wal-Mart, correct? Err, um, that is water with fluoride in it, correct? And then that prescription fluoride tablets and fluoride drops was (inaudible)…. in some areas, I just want you, if you would just talk about that part of it… [Can you tell she is pro-fluoride?]
ADH Dr. Smith: Absolutely, for those who are on well water or on systems that serve less than 5… fewer than 5,000 and they don’t have the recommended levels of fluoride in their water, then there are options, and one of the options that was also made more available was in 2011 is fluoride varnish which can be applied to the teeth; it doesn’t require a dentist; it would be covered by primary care physician or…
Sen. Irvin: And that was one of the bills we passed this last session…the fluoride varnish…
ADH Dr. Smith: Yes. And um perhaps Dr. Bollen and Jeff might want to talk about other options to those that are living in areas that don’t… where they don’t have access to municipal fluoridated water.
ADH Lin Bollen DDS: For anyone who is living in a non-fluoridated water system – if they are on well water, first thing that I did as a practicing dentist is get a sample of that. Those samples were sent to the Department of Health. They will check for what that existing level is, and then we can adjust the supplements to be at the correct level. Again, in my practice, since the majority of ‘em are already in the system, that was not something I had to do too often. [Are there dentists now who actually do this? How do they adjust to the correct levels if they don’t take food and beverage content into consideration?]
Sen. Irvin: Okay, but there were dentists that did that? That would check their water?…if they were on well water… like that…
ADH Lin Bollen DDS: Yes, if, … (inaudible) were on supplements, the smart thing is to make sure what is the level and adjust it to the correct level.
[To date, the FDA has NEVER approved fluoride-containing supplements that must have a prescription as “safe and effective”. Click here to see FDA response to the question of fluoride in drinking water and drug products. FDA Final Rule for Anticaries Drug Products for Over the Counter Human Usage http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/
Sen. Irvin: Okay, and then what… Do you know what the level is of the water that’s sold, the fluoridated water that’s sold in the gallons at the stores? Do you know what those levels are..?
ADH Lin Bollen DDS: That I do not.
Sen. Irvin: OK, I was just curious. I guess it goes back to the bottled water question.
ADH Lin Bollen DDS: I would… I would have to make an assumption that it’s well under the secondary contaminant label the EPA has already put on it, I would assume that it’s at the .7 and no more than one part per million. The FDA does regulate bottled water with added fluoride but does not regulate water fluoridation chemicals.]
Sen. Irvin: Well, and last question, some of the processes for bottled waters: I know they strip everything out and then put their own packets of nutrients in those, in that water, I know that Dasani is one that does, I guess, a reverse filtration type system, but when those packets are added, are there levels in that packet? I mean, I guess nobody really knows what their packet is, but… but those processes occurs, is that correct, with bottled waters? I know it does for Dasani, but… [What? We have never heard of ‘packets’ being added to bottled water that has anything at all to do with fluoride. Who’s giving her this information? You cannot purchase fluoride that an individual can put into water without a doctor’s prescription.] Click here for a list of bottled water without fluoride.
[As discussed previously, most do not use a reverse osmosis system, but simply use the tap water that is available in their area. Most bottled water is simply packaged and cleverly marketed tap water. – S .Young MD]
ADH Jeff Stone Engineer: The majority of the bottled water available is basically filtered to remove taste and then it’s ozonated to try to give a good disinfection, and in large measure, that represents most bottled water. When it comes to the sort of food products you’re talking about, the sort of water fortifying, flavoring and other things, uh I don’t have any knowledge on that subject… (inaudible)
ADH Nate Smith: I’d imagine that the, the specific concentrations should be available from the company, from a website, although since that’s not something that we, um, regulate… I apologize… [ADH does regulate bottled water in Arkansas.]
Sen. Irvin: And there are other waters… Last question, I’m so sorry… There are other water sources that are just natural water sources that have… is that correct? In Arkansas… are there… There are, mean I know Fifty-Six Arkansas, for instance, their water supply is one that I know has all appropriate levels, and it’s coming out of the ground, as such. So, are there others in the state of Arkansas like… like that – that are just… whether it’s, I guess spring water or like in Hot Springs…
ADH Jeff Stone Engineer: Normally in the vast majority of water sources, you find very little fluoride. There will be a little bit of a background level in most water systems who need to add fluoride to be at the optimum level. It’s all dependent upon geology. Now, West Texas is famous for having well water with fluoride in it, and they also have a need to add fluoride. In Arkansas, our geology is that, with just a few exceptions–certain areas in North Central Arkansas, the rest of the state essentially doesn’t have fluoride much… (inaudible) to meaningful levels. [Some of the original studies were conducted in Bauxite, Arkansas, because they had a large amount of naturally occurring calcium fluoride in their water. Also, one of the main reasons that some of the 18 water districts in N. Central Arkansas joined Ozark Mountain Regional Public Water Authority is because they were having to remove fluoride because the natural levels were well above the EPA’s MCL of 4ppm.]
Sen. Missy Irvin: Okay, so… Thank you… for that.
[In our opinion, all of Senator Irvin’s questions had no real purpose or value other than to take up valuable time so that others would not be able to speak.] Remember Senator Irvin voted for SB359, the fluoride mandate and would not support HB1355 for local control of fluoridation.
House Chair Kelley Linck: I want to thank you all very much for bringing this to us and kind of updating us on what the Act of 2011 has done and so many acknowledged that. As you can imagine, with this one on the agenda, there’s a number of people that called and said they wanted to give an opposing view, although we don’t do that that much in interim committees with this being such a hot topic that seems to come up every session. Senator Bledsoe, I have agreed to have, I guess there’s a, is there a doctor? Mr. Abrahamson, were, is, you mentioned. Did you mention that a…
[There were several people signed up to testify that day, but Chairs of both the House (Linck) and Senate (Bledsoe) Public Health Committees only allowed one person to speak against water fluoridation.]
Mrs. Abrahamson: She’s the doctor (pointing to Sandra Young, MD).
House Chair Linck: and… Doctor, would you like to come up and maybe give us some testimony that may be opposing to what we’ve just heard…(inaudible) questions … We’re going to do this fairly briefly, and like I said, this comes up every two years, we get into this debate, and so … in a (rushed?) environment, we thought we’d take the time to hear what the (???).
House Chair Kelley Linck: Ma’am, if you would turn and face, that microphone’s on, the green light, introduce yourself for the record, and you’re recognized.
Sandra Young MD’s testimony before the Joint Senate and Representative Public Health, Welfare and Labor committee on October 5, 2015 will be covered in our 6th and final transcription of testimony.
Some interesting information about the science of fluoride and effects on biology and physiology (namely our bodies) from Dr. Sandra Young, Secure Arkansas’ Physician Advisor:
Fluoride’s Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Physiology
Excerpts from Chapter 12 with the same name in The Case Against Fluoride by Paul Connett, PhD; James Beck, MD, PhD; and H.S. Micklem, DPhil plus additional information.
Fluorine is one of approximately 100 elements. It is classified as a halogen; other halogens are chlorine, bromine, and iodine. Fluorine forms chemical compounds with almost every other element. When elements combine chemically, the properties of the resulting compound is completely different from those of the parent elements. For example: sodium is a very reactive metal that has an almost explosive reaction with water. Chlorine was a poisonous gas used in WWI and is used today to kill bacteria in water. But when the two are combined, they form sodium chloride, or our common table salt, a perfectly safe substance, as long as we consume it in the right amounts. In the same way, there is a world of difference between the element fluorine and the fluoride compounds it forms when it combines with metals. The word fluoride means fluorine is present combined with a metal. These are different from organofluorine compounds which it forms with carbon. Metallic fluorides contain ions while organofluorine compounds contain molecules (groups of atoms held together with covalent bonds).
Fluorine is a pale yellow gas. It is the most reactive of all the elements. It is so extremely reactive, it is never found as the free element in nature. What is found in nature are its compounds with other elements, such as fluorspar (CaF2 ) and cryolite (Na3AlF6 ). Cryolite is essential to the electrolytic process used to extract the metal aluminum from bauxite. The fluorides formed with metals are not very chemically reactive but soluble ones are very active biologically. When metal fluorides dissolve in water, their constituents separate as ions and a solution can be treated as two separate substances, for example sodium Na+ and fluoride F-.
So how does fluoride F- act biochemically in our bodies? It is a well-known inhibitor of enzymes (very large protein molecules that catalyze [facilitate] most of the ten thousand or so chemical reactions that occur in our bodies). Some of the earliest opponents of fluoridation in the 1950s were biochemists who used fluoride to poison enzymes in their experiments. One of these was James B. Sumner PhD who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1946 after isolating several enzymes. He is quoted as saying, “We ought to go slowly. Everybody knows fluorine and fluorides are very poisonous substances, and we use them in enzyme chemistry to poison enzymes, those vital agents in the body. That is the reason things are poisoned, because the enzymes are poisoned and that is why animals and plants die.” Even though enzymes are large molecules, the chemical reaction they help to steer is usually facilitated by a small section on the enzyme molecule called the “active center.” Frequently, metal ions like magnesium, zinc, and copper are located at these active sites. Fluoride can interfere either by attaching itself to a metal ion at the active site or by forming a competing hydrogen bond at this same active site. Either way, it can block or interfere with the enzyme’s function.
The fluoride ion interferes with hydrogen bonding. Hydrogen bonds are attractions to oxygen or nitrogen within a molecule. They are weaker than the covalent bonds that link atoms together, and they can be more easily disrupted. Hydrogen bonds are of critical importance to both the structure and function of some of the most important molecules in the body. In the big polymer molecules (particularly proteins, and nucleic acids–which form our DNA), there are literally hundreds, even thousands of these hydrogen bonds. They provide the more flexible shape of the larger molecules. In biochemistry, shape and function are intimately connected. Hydrogen bonds are the Velcro strips of biology. Fluoride can break those.
Since the fluoride ion F- is negatively charged, it is attracted to positive ions. It forms clusters with them of a fixed formula and shape called complex ions. Fluoride forms complexes with every metal except the alkali metals (lithium, sodium, and potassium). It forms complexes with metal ions that are needed in the body (calcium and magnesium) as well as with metals that are toxic to the body (lead and beryllium). It can form complexes with metal ions like aluminum Al3+ and lead Pb2+ and may facilitate their uptake into tissues where those metals might not otherwise go.
With the aluminum ion Al3+, fluoride can form not just aluminum fluoride AlF3, but aluminum tetrafluoride AlF4-, an ion that has about the same size and shape as the phosphate ion PO43-, an ion of huge biological significance. Both DNA and RNA are synthesized using the triphosphates of their corresponding bases. Phosphate is also involved in the storage and use of energy in the body. Energy is stored by converting adenosine diphosphate (ADP) to adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Energy is released by converting adenosine triphosphate back to adenosine diphosphate. But researchers from several laboratories have shown that aluminum tetrafluoride takes the place of the third phosphate.
Our cells have communication systems on their surface. One of the main communication systems is called GPCRs (G-protein coupled receptors) or G-Proteins. Every cell that requires external regulation has these receptors. The system enables water-soluble messengers like hormones and growth factors to get their message inside the cells of the tissues they are meant to excite. The switch from off to on requires a phosphate. AlF4- substitutes for that phosphate.
In other words, aluminum tetrafluoride AlF4- acts as a phosphate mimic. It can switch it on when the normal messenger has not arrived, mimicking the transmission of critical messages across cell membranes. As such, aluminum-fluoride complexes have the potential to interfere with many hormonal, some growth-factor, and some neurochemical signals. There are over 3000 reports in the scientific literature of scientists using aluminum fluoride to switch on G proteins. Aluminum is the third most common element (after oxygen and silicon) and the most abundant metal in the earth’s crust. It is in the chemicals that we use to fluoridate our water. Another indication of the significance of aluminum fluoride compounds affecting the GPCRs is found in a quote on page 53 in the 12th Edition of Goodman and Gillman’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics: “Because of their number and physiological importance, GPCRs are the target for many drugs; perhaps half of all non-antibiotic prescription drugs act at these receptors.” Up to half of all the drugs we take are because GPCRs are not performing correctly, poisoned by fluoride!
Fluoride can cause oxidative stress by interfering with the body’s defense mechanisms against reactive oxidative species which can otherwise attack membranes (lipid peroxidation) and presage inflammation and a whole range of degenerative diseases. A review article by E. Gazzano et al titled “Fluoride Effects: The Two Faces of Janus” summarizes much of what is known about fluoride’s mechanisms of toxicity.
There are extensive chapters on the physiology of fluoride in Connett’s book The Case Against Fluoride. He gives a review of numerous studies. If you are interested in further information, I recommend reading his book. His website also discusses the physiologic and other effects of fluoridation. It can be found at http://fluoridealert.org/. There are additional links to studies on the toxicity of fluoride at http://fluoridealert.org/
Here is a brief physiology overview from Connett’s book. Highlights on the physiology of fluoride include nonspecific symptoms called fluoride toxicity syndrome (skin rashes, gastrointestinal symptoms, urinary problems, bone and joint pain, neurological symptoms [headaches, depression, etc], and excessive tiredness not relieved by sleep. Sounds like chronic fatigue to me! Physiological effects on body systems include bone (joint pain and swelling, plantar fasciitis, stiff and painful joints, calcification of ligaments, osteosclerosis, excessive calcification of joints and vertebral bodies [spinal stenosis-which can also be associated with muscle wasting and neurological deficits due to spinal cord compression]
(Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPAs standards, pg 151 http://www.nap.edu/catalog/
Endocrine system: Thyroid (fluoride was linked to goiter in dogs back in 1854; increased incidence of hypothyroidism and other thyroid disorders http://poisonfluoride.com/
Diabetes-The 2006 National Research Council report on Fluoride in Drinking Water p 260 http://www.nap.edu/catalog/
Brain: chronic exposure to fluoride may be associated with cerebral impairment affecting particularly concentration and memory (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
Fluoride also increases the incidence of cancer up to 20%, most likely by preventing normal daily repair of DNA. This was covered in the August 14, 2015 article posted by secure Arkansas.
Fluoride enters the bloodstream via the gums, the stomach, the intestinal lining, the lung (in the case of airborne fluoride [which can occur at a spill at the water treatment plant, during transportation, or elsewhere]) and possibly the skin during baths or showers. Once in the bloodstream, it circulates throughout the body and can then enter every other tissue. However, only in the calcifying tissues (which includes the pineal gland) will the concentration rise substantially higher than the concentration in the blood. On average, only 50% of the fluoride we ingest each day is excreted through the kidneys. The remainder largely accumulates in our bones, teeth, pineal gland and other calcifying tissues. People with poor kidney function excrete less fluoride.
The chemistry and biochemistry of fluoride, and its kinetics in the body, are such that fluoride can function as a cumulative poison when small amounts are ingested over a long period by drinking fluoridated water.
– S. Young MD]
Stay tuned for Part 6, our final rebuttal to the Arkansas Joint Health Committee!
Coming up next is Delta Dental Exposed – Part 2!
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